# yield to maturity betekenis

De yield to maturity wordt bepaalt door de coupon (rente over de obligatie) en het verschil tussen de aankoopprijs en prijs bij terugbetaling. Modified duration is a formula that expresses the measurable change in the value of a security in response to a change in interest rates. For example, you buy a bond with a $1,000 face value and 8% coupon for $900. An investor will determine a required yield (the return on a bond that will make the bond worthwhile). Voor de verdiscontering van alle cashflows … For example, if an investor was evaluating a bond with both call and put provisions, she would calculate the YTW based on the option terms that give the lowest yield. Related Terms and Acronyms: average annual yield (AAY) The average yield per year over the life of the investment, assuming all principal and interest remain on deposit until maturity. Yield to maturity includes both the interest payments you receive from a bond along with the capital gain you receive at maturity, if any.The lower the price you can pay for a particular bond, the higher your yield to maturity will be, all other factors being equal. To calculate YTM here, the cash flows must be determined first. However, there is a trial-and-error method for finding YTM with the following present value formula: Bond Price= Coupon 1(1+YTM)1+ Coupon 2(1+YTM)2\begin{aligned} \textit{Bond Price} &= \ \frac{\textit{Coupon }1}{(1+YTM)^1} +\ \frac{\textit{Coupon }2}{(1+YTM)^2}\\ &\quad +\ \cdots\ +\ \frac{\textit{Coupon }n}{(1+YTM)^n} \ +\ \frac{\textit{Face Value}}{(1+YTM)^n} \end{aligned}Bond Price= (1+YTM)1Coupon 1+ (1+YTM)2Coupon 2, Bond Price= (Coupon × 1−1(1+YTM)nYTM)\begin{aligned} \textit{Bond Price} &=\ \left(\textit{Coupon }\ \times\ \frac{1-\frac{1}{(1+YTM)^n}}{YTM}\right)\\ &\quad+\left(\textit{Face Value }\ \times\ \frac{1}{(1+YTM)^n}\right) \end{aligned}Bond Price= (Coupon × YTM1−(1+YTM)n1). Each one of the future cash flows of the bond is known and because the bond's current price is also known, a trial-and-error process can be applied to the YTM variable in the equation until the present value of the stream of payments equals the bond's price. An investor knows the current bond price, its coupon payments, and its maturity value, but the discount rate cannot be calculated directly. rbcroyalbank.com. Bond prices trade with an inverse relationship to interest rates, so if a bond's price goes down, its yield to maturity goes up. Yield To Maturity correspond au calcul du taux de rendement que rapporte à l'échéance un investissement effectué dans un produit de taux (principalement les obligations). Current Market Price 2. et investissement, Conseil d'administration ou de surveillance et direction. Using a few different interest rates above 5%, one would come up with the following bond prices: Taking the interest rate up by one and two percentage points to 6% and 7% yields bond prices of $98 and $95, respectively. Although yield to maturity represents an annualized rate of return on a bond, coupon payments are usually made on a semiannual basis, so YTM is calculated on a six-month basis as well. The yield to maturity (YTM) of a bond represents the annual rate of return for the full life of the bond. Bond valuation is a technique for determining the theoretical fair value of a particular bond. Bond Valuation: What's the Fair Value of a Bond? The annual coupon for the bond is 10%, which is $150 per annum. yield trends npl plural noun: Noun always used in plural form--for example, "jeans," "scissors." Un Tracker, à quoi ça sert ? 1.2.1 Synonymes; Anglais [modifier le wikicode] Cette entrée est considérée comme une ébauche à compléter en anglais. The yield to maturity of a bond is the rate of return on the bond if it is held to its maturity date. The complex process of determining yield to maturity means it is often difficult to calculate a precise YTM value. A par yield curve is a graphical representation of the yields of hypothetical Treasury securities with prices at par. For example, say an investor currently holds a bond whose par value is $100. At this point, if we found that using a YTM of 6.8% in our calculations did not yield the exact bond price, we would have to continue our trials and test interest rates increasing in 0.01% increments. Yield to maturity is similar to current yield, which divides annual cash inflows from a bond by the market price of that bond to determine how much money one would make by buying a bond and holding it for one year. The bond pays interest twice a year and matures in 5 years. In other words, it is the internal rate of return (IRR) of an investment in a bond if the investor holds the bond until maturity, with all payments made as scheduled and reinvested at the same rate. Yield to maturity (YTM) is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until it matures. The YTM is based on the belief or understanding that an investor purchases the security at the current market price and holds it until the security has matured yield. The main difference between the YTM of a bond and its coupon rate is that the coupon rate is fixed whereas the YTM fluctuates over time. a BOND) with a face value of £100 and an INTEREST RATE of 5% generates a nominal return of £5 per year. Yield To Maturity implique que l'investisseur qui achète une obligation d'aujourd'hui au prix du marché, détiendra cette obligation jusqu'à l'échéance, et que tous les coupons (et réinvestissements de ses coupons) et les paiements en capital seront effectués aux dates prévus. The formula to calculate YTM of a discount bond is as follows: YTM=Face ValueCurrent Pricen−1where:n=number of years to maturityFace value=bond’s maturity value or par value\begin{aligned} &YTM=\sqrt[n]{\frac{\textit{Face Value}}{\textit{Current Price}}}-1\\ &\textbf{where:}\\ &n=\text{number of years to maturity}\\ &\text{Face value}=\text{bond's maturity value or par value}\\ &\text{Current price}=\text{the bond's price today} \end{aligned}YTM=nCurrent PriceFace Value−1where:n=number of years to maturityFace value=bond’s maturity value or par value. Whether or not a higher YTM is positive depends on the specific circumstances. Yet, unlike current yield, YTM accounts for the present value of a bond's future coupon payments. yield to maturity definition: the total yield (= profit) of a bond, etc. Yield to maturity is also referred to as "book yield" or "redemption yield.". Hierbij wordt, uitgaande van de huidige koers van de obligaties, de coupons en de aflossing contant gemaakt tegen een zodanig rendement dat de som van die contante waarden gelijk is aan de hoofdsom van de obligatie maal de huidige koers. Example: Calculating Yield to Maturity Through Trial and Error. YTP is calculated based on the assumption that the bond will be put back to the issuer as soon as it is possible and financially feasible. Every six months (semi-annually), the bondholder would receive a coupon payment of (5% x $100)/2 = $2.50. Because the bond price in our example is $95.92, the list indicates that the interest rate we are solving for is between 6% and 7%. yield to maturity. That is, a bond is repurchased by the issuer before it reaches maturity and thus has a shorter cash flow period. If the YTM is higher than the coupon rate, this suggests that the bond is being sold at a discount to its par value. The YTM assumes the investor will hold the bond to maturity, and that all interest payments will (hypothetically) be reinvested at the YTM rate. Vous devez vous assurer que vous comprenez comment les CFD fonctionnent et que vous pouvez vous permettre de prendre le risque élevé de perdre votre argent. As such, the annual interest rate we are seeking must necessarily be greater than the coupon rate of 5%. Therefore, the current yield of the bond is (5% coupon x $100 par value) / $95.92 market price = 5.21%. Yield to maturity is the total rate of return that will have been earned by a bond when it makes all interest payments and repays the original principal. yield to maturity (finance) taux actuariel, rendement à l'échéance nm nom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Yield to Maturity is the most popular measure of yield in the Debt Markets. Yield to maturity is the total return receivable on a bond if the bond is held until the end of its maturity. Yet, we do not have to start simply guessing random numbers if we stop for a moment to consider the relationship between bond price and yield. Yield to maturity (YTM) is also an interest rate associated to bonds but reflect the entire return that the bondholder will receive until the bond’s maturity date. Yield To Maturity: It is also known as redemption yield. Description: Calculation of YTM is a complex process which takes into account the following key factors: 1. Yield spread analysis involves comparing the yield, maturity, liquidity and creditworthiness of two instruments, or of one security relative to a benchmark, and tracking how particular patterns vary over time. Merci de vous connecter ou de créer un compte pour accéder au contenu. Yield to maturity is considered to be a long-term bond yield although it … As is often the case in investing, further due diligence would be required. Traduction de 'yield to maturity' dans le dictionnaire anglais-français gratuit et beaucoup d'autres traductions françaises dans le dictionnaire bab.la. Vérifiez les traductions'yield to maturity' en Français. Cette page est réservée à nos membres. Yield to maturity is the percentage of total return you can expect to receive when you buy a particular bond at a specific price. Bond yield is the amount of return an investor will realize on a bond, calculated by dividing its face value by the amount of interest it pays. Sommaire. Having determined the range of rates within which our interest rate lies, we can take a closer look and make another table showing the prices that YTM calculations produce with a series of interest rates increasing in increments of 0.1% instead of 1.0%. y = rendement à l'échéance(en points de pourcentage). yield to maturity translation in English - French Reverso dictionary, see also 'dividend yield',yell',yelp',yodel', examples, definition, conjugation In other words, it is the return on investment associated with buying the bond and reinvesting its coupon payments at a constant interest rate. YTM assumes that all coupon payments are reinvested at a yield equal to the YTM and that the bond is held to maturity. Dividend Yield, Kesako en langage boursier ? Yield to maturity can be quite useful for estimating whether buying a bond is a good investment. Yield To Maturity implique que l'investisseur qui achète une obligation d'aujourd'hui au prix du marché, détiendra cette obligation jusqu'à l'échéance, et que tous les coupons (et réinvestissements de ses … To calculate yield to maturity of a bond, the present value of the bond needs to be known. Now we must solve for the interest rate "YTM," which is where things get tough. [1] Duration indicates the years it takes to receive a bond's true cost, weighing in the present value of all future coupon and principal payments. rbcroyalbank.com . As was mentioned earlier, when a bond is priced at a discount from par, its interest rate will be greater than the coupon rate. The yield to maturity (YTM), book yield or redemption yield of a bond or other fixed-interest security, such as gilts, is the (theoretical) internal rate of return (IRR, overall interest rate) earned by an investor who buys the bond today at the market price, assuming that the bond is held until maturity, and that all coupon and principal payments are made on schedule. Learn more. The YTM of a discount bond that does not pay a coupon is a good starting place in order to understand some of the more complex issues with coupon bonds. yield to maturity (YTM) assume that all coupon. Yield to put (YTP) is similar to YTC, except the holder of a put bond can choose to sell the bond back to the issuer at a fixed price based on the terms of the bond. If on the other hand the YTM is lower than the coupon rate, then the bond is being sold at a premium. Yield to Maturity (YTM) – otherwise referred to as redemption or book yield – is the speculative rate of return or interest rate of a fixed-rate security, such as a bond. In this case, YTM is known as the gross redemption yield. Once an investor has determined the YTM of a bond he or she is considering buying, the investor can compare the YTM with the required yield to determine if the bond is a good buy. betekenis & definitie Yield to maturity is een manier om het rendement over een obligatie te berekenen, ervan uitgaande dat de houder de obligatie behoudt tot aan de afloopdatum. average yield to maturity (AYTM) internal rate of return (IRR) That rate at which the present worth of all present and future investment costs equals the present worth of all present and future investment benefits. Example of Yield to Maturity. YTM calculations also do not account for purchasing or selling costs. In other words, it factors in the time value of money, whereas a simple current yield calculation does not. Solving the equation by hand requires an understanding of the relationship between a bond's price and its yield, as well as the different types of bond pricings. As such, it is often considered a more thorough means of calculating the return from a bond. The calculation of the YTM is more complicated than the current yield as it involves a number of variables such as par value of the bond, its coupon rate, market price and maturity date. If an investor were calculating YTM on a bond priced below par, he or she would solve the equation by plugging in various annual interest rates that were higher than the coupon rate until finding a bond price close to the price of the bond in question. yield the return on a FINANCIAL SECURITY, expressed in money terms, related to the current market price of that security to show the percentage return on the investment.For example, a financial security (e.g. The yield to maturity on the bond is determined based on the bond's credit rating relative to a government security with similar maturity or duration. What is a bond’s Yield to Maturity (YTM)? Yield to maturity (YTM) is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until it matures. The coupon rate is contractually fixed, whereas the YTM changes based on the price paid for the bond as well as the interest rates available elsewhere in the marketplace. When yield spreads widen between bond categories with different credit ratings, all else equal, it implies that the market is factoring more risk of default on the lower-grade bonds. Example of Calculating Yield to Maturity. It is expressed as a percentage and tells investors what their return on investment will be if they purchase the bond and hold on to it until the bond issuer pays them back. when the bond is kept until the maturity date (= the…. when the bond is kept until the maturity date (= the original date on which it was planned to pay it back): The bond is due in 2033 with a yield to maturity of 7.2%. 1.1 Étymologie; 1.2 Locution nominale. Fortunately, 6.8% corresponds precisely to our bond price, so no further calculations are required. With this information, we can calculate and test several bond prices by plugging various annual interest rates that are higher than 5% into the formula above. On the one hand, a higher YTM might indicate that a bargain opportunity is available, since the bond in question is available for less than its par value. Using interest rates with smaller increments, our calculated bond prices are as follows: Here, we see that the present value of our bond is equal to $95.92 when the YTM is at 6.8%. Because YTM is expressed as an annual rate regardless of the bond's term to maturity, it can be used to compare bonds that have different maturities and coupons since YTM expresses the value of different bonds in the same annual terms. When the bond is priced at par, the bond's interest rate is equal to its coupon rate. Dit verwijst naar uitbetaalde inkomen van een aandeel uitgedrukt als een percentage. It should be clear why most investors prefer to use special programs to narrow down the possible YTMs rather than calculating through trial and error, as the calculations required to determine YTM can be quite lengthy and time-consuming. Het dividendrendement wordt vaak genoemd als “yield” of “dividendyield”. YTM calculations usually do not account for taxes that an investor pays on the bond. While municipal, treasury, and foreign bonds are typically acquired through local, state, or federal governments, corporate bonds are purchased through brokerages. Some of the more known bond investments include municipal, treasury, corporate, and foreign. The YTM of a bond is essentially the internal rate of return (IRR) associated with buying that bond and holding it until its maturity date. Yield to maturity has a few common variations that account for bonds that have embedded options. As interest rates rise, the YTM will increase; as interest rates fall, the YTM will decrease. Yield to maturity is a very important concept for any investor to understand so that when buying bonds, they know their YTM isn't just dependent on the coupon rate that is paid. 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