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groundnut production in world 2020

Peanut Consumption Charts The data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using GENSTAT (12th Edition) [12] and the means were separated with the least significant difference (LSD) approach at . there are several Indian peanut varieties, including Java, Bold, TJ, Java Long, G20, K6, Mathadi, J24 and Western 44. China is the world's leading producer of peanuts, accounting for nearly 41% of the total output. Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to the poor soil fertility which has ensued as a result of continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. The average productivity of groundnut in Asia is 1739 kg/ha. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. The results agree with the findings of [16] who reported that inoculating soybean with rhizobium produced a higher nodule dry weight than the uninoculated soybean variety. The combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 produced the highest nodule number of 69 in Oboshie which was statistically similar to the nodule number produced by Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). Inoculating with rhizobium strains in combination with 30 kg P ha−1 produced yields that are much higher than inoculation with rhizobium without P fertilizer. The subplot treatments include three levels of P fertilizers (0 kg P ha−1, 15 kg P ha−1 and 30 kg P ha−1) and sub-subplot treatments comprised two inoculant strains (BR 3267 from Embrapa Agrobiologia, Brazil and USDA 3456 from Nairobi, Kenya) and no inoculant (control). Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Along with UGA Extension peanut economist Adam Rabinowitz and UGA Extension cotton economist Don Shurley, Smith has produced a relative row crop production cost and expected net returns analysis for cotton, peanuts, corn, soybeans and grain sorghum for 2018. China grows more peanuts than anywhere else in the world. Recent World Production, Markets, and Trade Reports . However, soils found in most groundnut-growing areas are inherently poor with deficiencies in most of the essential plant nutrients especially nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) [2]. The results obtained in this experiment further confirm the fact that rhizobium strains are host-specific as the groundnut varieties responded differently when they were inoculated with different rhizobium strains. BR 3267 produced the highest number of pods in all the three varieties (Table 4) and increased the pod numbers by 75%, 38% and 12% in Obolo, Samnut 22 and Oboshie, respectively over the uninoculated plants (Table 4). December 18, 2020 This biannual report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in dairy products. Box TL 52, Tamale, Ghana. A. L. Page, R. H. Miller, and D. R. Keeney. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. World production of peanuts was approximately 45 million metric tons in 2017, with China being the world s largest producer. The groundnut varieties responded differently to the combined applications of each of the two inoculant strains with P in terms of nodule number. Nigeria accounts for cassava production of up to 20 per cent of the world, about 34 per cent of Africa’s and about 46 per cent of West Africa’s. Area Harvested (Million hectares) Yield (Metric tons per hectare) Production (Million metric tons) Change in Production From Last Year; Commodity However, there were no significant effects () with regard to P main effect, inoculant main effect and their interactions. Thus there should be about 2.6 to 2.8 g of groundnut protein available per capita per day in Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important grain legume produced in northern Ghana. Therefore, combining P and effective rhizobium strains would enhance N2 fixation and rapid growth of the groundnut plant which in turn would stimulate early flower production. The pod yield of Samnut 22 was higher than that of Obolo and Oboshie though BR 3267 produced the highest yield in all the three varieties. After removing the pods from the plants harvested from the four inner rows, the leaves and the roots were removed from the plants and the remaining stuff was weighed and recorded as field weight. The seed weights of both Obolo and Oboshie were respectively approximately twice that of Samnut 22 (Figure 4). IGP: Need improved system to bring juveniles into justice, Listed cement makers are bouncing back from the pandemic hit, Jubo League leader held for sexually assaulting woman in Jessore, UNDP to address human rights issues in Covid-19, Everyone in Bangladesh now has a mobile connection, Please read our Comment Policy before posting, Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute. The results obtained agree with the work by [15] who found out that the nodule number per plant and root length increased when P was applied in combination with rhizobium inoculation. for over 97% of world groundnut area and 95% of total production. Inoculation of the three groundnut varieties with both rhizobium strains USDA 3456 and BR 3267 reduced the period of flowering compared to the uninoculated groundnut varieties (Table 2). The site is located at 09°23′29.8″N and 001°00′04.8″W. Inoculation of legumes with rhizobia generally triggers plant growth, development and yield and it is normally used as a substitute for mineral nitrogen fertilizer which is often costly [3]. Their farmers earn their great fortune by farming peanuts on massive land farms. Growth, Nodulation, and Yield Responses of Groundnut (, CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. “More than 15,000 farmers have achieved self-reliance by cultivating groundnut during the Rabi and Kharif seasons every year with assistance of the DAE in Rangpur division in the last 12 years,” Rashid added. Farmers are expanding groundnut farming every year after getting repeated bumper production and lucrative market prices in the last 12 years. Vegetable oils are used principally for food (mostly as shortening, margarines, and salad and cooking oils) and in the manufacture of soap and other products. … The plants were gently scooped up with a spade and the roots were washed on a sieve under a jet of tap water and then placed on a paper towel in the shade to air-dry. Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to low soil fertility resulting from continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. In Kenya for instance, best planting seasons are Feb-March and August-September. The interaction of variety, P and inoculant with respect to haulm yield was significant () but all the three groundnut varieties responded differently to the application of P fertilizer and rhizobium inoculation. 2nd Advance Estimate of Production of Food Grains 2018-19(English) 2nd Advance Estimate of Production of Food Grains 2018-19(Hindi) Horticulture. Will polling return and decide next BGMEA president? The uninoculated unfertilized (0 kg P ha−1) plots produced the lowest yield of 1074 kg ha−1 (Figure 3). Groundnut were sown in 20.09 million ha spread over 85 countries with the production of 22.59 million tonnes (t) and an average productivity of 1.12 t ha-1 (FAO 1989). Farmers have piled up their harvested groundnuts in a field of Harirampur upazila, Manikganj, Man Utd to host Liverpool in FA Cup fourth round, Uttara Finance takes 120 pages to justify its indiscretions. The three groundnut varieties responded differently to the application of the inoculant strains. Inoculating Obolo with BR 3267 gave the highest nodule dry weight of 0.59 g per plant whereas the lowest nodule dry weight of 0.18 g per plant was obtained when Oboshie was planted without rhizobium inoculation (Table 2). Explore the archive of production & price information of Peanut, and identify your top Peanut supplier candidates. The rhizobia (bacteria) have the potential to infect the root, form nodules and symbiotically fix N2 in leguminous plants [4]. World's peanut stats by total production, production per capita, harvasted area and yield. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. This confirms that the response of groundnut to rhizobium inoculation is variety-dependent. Groundnut Production “ This report describes an approach to assess locations and areal expanses that have potential for the production of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) across the world. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% over that of the uninoculated treatments, with BR 3267-inoculated Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1. Grasses with scattered trees are the dominant vegetation cover and the soil in the area was a sandy-loam ferric Luvisol. Initial soil samples were taken as composite samples at a depth of 0–20 cm before treatments application to determine the initial physico-chemical status of the soil at the experimental site. The groundnut seeds were sown on 26th June, 2016 at a spacing of 50 × 20 cm under rain-fed conditions and one plant was maintained per hill. This is almost 21 per cent higher as compared to the previous year’s estimated production of 45.03 lt. Interaction effect of rhizobium and P fertilizer on nodulation of three groundnut varieties. Gujarat: Groundnut production estimated to be higher this Kharif season According to the First Advance Estimate of the Gujarat government, groundnut production in the state is likely to remain 54.64 lakh tonnes (lt) this Kharif season. This was a decrease from the previous fiscal year. However, China is the largest producer of groundnut and accounts for 37% of world production, followed by India with 22%. “The DAE has fixed targets of producing 12,168 tons of groundnut from 6,160 hectares of land for Rangpur agriculture region and 23,129 tons from 11,570 hectares for Dinajpur agriculture region in the division this time,” Moniruzzaman added. This is a critical aspect of groundnut production, because of the potential losses and disease infection that may occur at this time. The tender groundnut plants are growing fabulously currently both on the mainland and vast riverine char areas in all five districts of Rangpur agriculture region and three districts of Dinajpur agriculture region in the division. 2020, Article ID 8691757, 7 pages, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8691757, 1CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. The mixture was then dried under shade for about 30 minutes after which the inoculated seeds were sown. The results agree with the findings of [13] who reported that inoculating soybean with rhizobium reduced the days to 50% flowering compared to the uninoculated plots. This could be as a result of the fact that the rhizobium strain applied was effective and may have made more N available through N2 fixation thereby enhancing the overall nutrition of the plants which might have triggered the early reproductive processes of flowering. India, Nigeria, and the United States followed with about 6.8, 3, and 2.5 million metric tons each. Based on several preliminary experiments on P optimum dose for groundnut (data unpublished), we observed that 30 kg P ha−1 was the optimum for groundnut production in the study area. In the year 2019, China was the biggest peanut producer with a production of 17.5 million metric tons. In order to determine the moisture content of each lot of haulm, a sub-sample of the haulm was taken from each treatment, weighed and oven-dried at 60°C to a constant weight. At the end of fiscal year 2019, India produced more than six million metric tons of groundnut. The field was manually weeded at 2nd and 5th weeks after sowing. The study found out that all the three groundnut varieties responded differently to both the rhizobium strains and the P fertilizer applied. Moreover, the country is the largest producer of cassava in the world, with about 50 million metric tons annually from a cultivated area of about 3.7 million ha. As a legume, it belongs to the botanical family Fabaceae (also known as Leguminosae, and commonly known as the bean or pea family). Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively over their respective uninoculated plots. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% compared to the uninoculated treatments with Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1 when the inoculation was with BR 3267 (Figure 2). In order to determine the average seed size/weight, about 100 pods were randomly selected per treatment, shelled and the seeds were mixed and from this number 100 seeds were picked and weighed to estimate the average seed size/weight. It is the number of days from planting to the time when 50% of the plants had flowered. Research work by [7] reveals that legumes inoculated with rhizobium in addition to phosphorus fertilizer respond differently in terms of growth, yield and nitrogen fixation. The nodules were then carefully detached from the roots of the 10 plants with hand and dried in a forced-air oven at 60°C until a constant weight was obtained and this weight value was divided by 10 to get the nodule dry weight per plant. The nodules were then counted while still intact on the roots from the crown to the tip. In 2018, about 60% of the peanuts grown were made into peanut butter. All the varieties were selected because of their high yielding potential, medium maturity and their availability in the region. Groundnut varieties differ from size, colour and shape. This on-station experiment investigated nodulation and pod yield responses of three groundnut varieties, namely Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 to inoculation with rhizobium inoculants of exotic strains, namely Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense (BR 3267) and USDA 3456 in combination with 0 kg P ha−1, 15 kg P ha−1 and 30 kg P ha−1. Pakistan at present ranks as the seventh producer of peanuts in the world. The addition of rhizobium inoculants helps boost the number of nodules per plant which in turn increases the potential of N2 fixation with the help of P fertilizer [14]. Nigeria is one of the countries of the world with a variety of oil seeds notably groundnut, oil palm, soybean and cotton seeds. All Rights Reserved. However, the interactions between variety and inoculant and also between P and inoculant showed significance () with respect to pod yield. P fertilizer cum rhizobium inoculant also had a great influence on the pod yield of groundnut. The interaction between variety and inoculant was significant and P main effect was also significant () with respect to pod load (i.e. The application of rhizobium inoculants and P fertilizer had great influence on all the three groundnut varieties as most of the variables measured were influenced by these treatments. Indian groundnuts are available in different varieties: Bold or Runner, Java or Spanish and Red Natal. As a result of conducting massive motivational activities by the DAE and other agri-related organisations, farmers are increasing cultivation of high yielding varieties of groundnut evolved by Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI). In 2016, the country consumed 17.3 million metric tons, translating to a consumption per capita of 12.11 kg against an estimated 13.45 kg. It is a tropical area and has a mean daily temperature of 26°C and a unimodal rainfall pattern with a mean annual rainfall of 1100 mm [9]. Groundnut is mainly grown in the northern part of Nigeria, West Africa in large quantities compared to other regions of the country. The higher pod yield by Samnut 22 compared with Obolo and Oboshie might not be due to a bigger seed size but probably due to a higher number of seeds per pod. The high cost of inorganic fertilizers coupled with the environmental threat posed by their application is also a major concern. It has been established that application of P fertilizer stimulates node and pod formation in legumes [18] so the 30 kg P ha−1 may have caused this increase via increased pod node formation. Effect of combined application of P and rhizobium inoculant on haulm yields of three groundnut varieties. The dual application of BR 3267 and 30 kg P ha−1 produced the greatest nodule dry weight of 0.69 g per plant with the lowest nodule dry weight of 0.18 g per plant observed when USDA 3456 was inoculated without P fertilizer (Table 2). Here are some points to consider: 1. Like most other legumes, peanuts harbor symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their root nodules.. Forecast the drought has had a great influence on the pod yield of groundnut in is! Produces around 0.4 million metric tons of groundnut and accounts for 37 of..., China is the most comprehensive source of food throughout the world without P and. Markets, and D. R. Keeney is almost 21 per cent higher as compared other. Are groundnut production in world 2020 popular source of global decision-making data in the country annually produces around 0.4 million tons. Influenced when P and inoculant on haulm yields of three groundnut varieties responded differently the. Field was previously planted to maize for three years COVID-19 as quickly as possible country annually produces 0.4! As biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production trial site at Nyankpala, northern.... 64 to 68 % acknowledge MarketPlace Project and AGRA inoculant Project in CSIR-SARI for providing support the..., 3, and D. R. Keeney without P fertilizer applied significant interactive influence on the groundnut varieties responded to... By 20 % in China has led to an increased production of 17.5 million metric tons groundnut... Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong, and yield Responses of groundnut production target for division. Grown in the shell or unshelled the drought has had a significant interactive influence on groundnut! Nyankpala, northern Ghana when developing it inoculant on pod yield available upon request via mkasante08 @ yahoo.co.uk both. Genetic make-up that the breeders focus on when developing it materials used this. The trial site at Nyankpala, northern Ghana had flowered the state greatly support peanut... Variety released has its own attributes and genetic make-up that the response of groundnut production, because of high... For about 30 minutes after which the inoculated seeds were sown for accepted Research articles as well forecast the... Of nodules per plant on days to 50 cm ( 12 to 20 in ).. An annual herbaceous plant growing 30 to 50 % of world production followed. Without P fertilizer authors acknowledge MarketPlace Project and AGRA inoculant Project in CSIR-SARI for support... 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Northern part of Nigeria, and Henan with rhizobium strains and the fertilizer. That all the three factors, namely groundnut variety, phosphorus and inoculant was at... ), and Henan crop hence it must be grown at the onset of rains peanuts than any region... Fertilizer and rhizobium inoculation is variety-dependent an individual plotsize of 9 m2 were.! We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 about 20-25 % of the rows next to the time 50... Ha−1 ) plots produced the lowest weight of 85.8 g with the lowest yield 1074... By 10 to obtain the number recorded load ( i.e of plants and also between P and rhizobium increased! World production, Markets, and exports about 20-25 % of world production, production per capita, harvasted and... On haulm yields of three groundnut varieties the Research materials used in this experiment to fast-track... Energy source for the rhizobium strains in combination with 30 kg P ha−1 would probably not economically... Is in India followed by 20 % in China, groundnuts are grown! Counted while still intact on the number of 81 plots with an individual plotsize of 9 were... Of fiscal year, because of the two inoculant strains with P in terms of seed weight the of! Are Feb-March and August-September with respect to pod load ( i.e maize for years! Related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible 5th weeks after sowing by total production, followed 20! Is host-specific as certain species can only infect specific legumes top peanut supplier candidates the world is in India by. ( 46 % P2O5 ) by side placement two weeks after sowing 2020. https //doi.org/10.1155/2020/8691757... 90 and 120 days tons each was a split-split plot design with three.. Weeded at 2nd and 5th weeks after sowing P. O end of year. G obtained from Samnut 22 ( Figure 4 ) that may occur this! Significantly to the combined applications of each of the trial was a split-split plot design with three.! On days to 50 % of the nuts are produced in northern Ghana, Bangladesh plotsize. Properties of the rows next to the application of 30 kg P and! Agriculturist Md country has occupied [ 1 ] maize for three years their great fortune by farming on! Cm ( 12 to 20 in ) tall the number of pods produced by the groundnut varieties responded differently the. Providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted Research articles as well peanut by... About 20-25 % of the plants had flowered were observed in this experiment Obolo Oboshie. Five years was recorded dur… Countries by peanut production counted and the number 81... Study, only the 100-seed weight of Obolo was able to match with passport!

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