bast fiber processing
Decortication, one of the many steps involved in processing hemp, is the separation of hemp’s outer layer (bast fiber) from the inner core (hurd). Hackling is a combing process used to separate the long fibres from the short fibres and to remove the remaining woody material. This dependence on the natural process of retting makes for bales of hemp coming in at different stages in the process, with some bales having been retted more than others. Learn more about BastCore at bastcore.com. It is ready for harvesting in 4 years and does not require re-planting as the extensive root base sprouts new shoots readily, it therefore has the potential to be a highly sustainable raw material. They will also offer small fiber mills the potential to create farm yarns that combine the beauty of protein fibers and cellulose fibers all grown within the same region. This will give New Indiana Farmer`s time to get their Hemp Farms started. Post navigation. In addition we will produce biochar from waste cannabis and hemp biomass. We don’t know much about jute in our region and may not be able to help you. It is native to the tropical and sub tropical monsoon regions of the world, and flourishes during the rainy season. BastCore is located in the greater-Omaha area and serves the fiber supply chain in an altogether unique way, through the processing of hemp. Hemp is non-toxic in use, renewable and non-polluting during its life cycle; it needs little if any pesticides, resisting decay and infestation naturally. The production of hemp in Western countries is growing steadily to meet the growing interest in sustainable textiles. Kenaf fibers are shorter and coarser than those of jute. It takes the straw-like hemp and spits out, almost as if by some sort of Dr. Seuss-like magic, a fine, fluffy fiber that loosely resembles the “straw” going in, but has taken on a totally different form. Processed bast fibers arrive at hemp product manufacturing facilities packaged in compressed bales similar to hay. Since we talked we have leased a four acre parcel of valley sandy loam. For more information on linen, go into the, Ramie is a flowering plant of the nettle family, Other important producers of hemp include: China, North Korea, Romania and Hungary. I have a individual meeting scheduled at the beginning of February with NC Carolina Agricultural Commissioner….I really could use some advice from an expert like yourself. You can also see the raw and degummed fibers in the far right column in the bottom photo. The fibres support the conductive cells of the phloem and provide strength to the stem. Featured samples ranged from a wood-like material created from shredded hemp fiber to long, fine strands of hemp for textile goods that can be blended with other natural fibers to add strength, comfort, and the ability to resist abrasion as well as mold/rotting. Bast, also known as phloem fiber, is produced from the inner bark, or bast, portion of the stem of certain plants. your mill to see how flax would work with your machinery. Traditional uses for ramie have been for heavy industrial-type fabrics such as canvas, packaging material, and upholstery. Keep fighting the good Fight!! The remaining half of the building is taken up by a giant machine specially made for processing bast fibers. I have applied for my NC Hempgrowers and processors license. It is not clear if the fibers will be useful for textiles, as they tend to be much shorter and coarser than those from plants bred for fiber. BastCore is located in the greater-Omaha area and serves the fiber supply chain in an altogether unique way, through the processing of hemp. Ramie is also an important fabric both woven and knitted for the North American market where it is seen as a cheaper ‘linen look’ alternative. I am working on starting my own BioComposites manufacturing startup. The largest machine, taking up half the building, is loud, with pipes leading in multiple directions. The natural processing of Litrax bamboo allows the fibre to remain strong to produce an extremely high quality product, and the process results in a very durable textile. sativa) is an efficient crop, which has multiple uses, the most valuable part of the plant is its fibres for production for the fabric industry, and it is also extensively used for biodegradable plastics and bio fuels. Across the spacious warehouse, a wall of hemp bales lines the back of the building. In addition, Robeson county is a Tier 1, which is considered an economic depressed area. Monument Colorado. During harvesting, the plant stalks are cut off close to the base or pulled up. The most important region for jute is Bengal in the Ganges delta where it has an important place in local culture. Hemp is the generic name for the entire cannabis family of plants. This article is very interesting and make me really excited to see this amazing resource being processed in USA. In 2004 a DEFRA funded project ‘Sustainable Technology in Nettle Growing’ (STING) at Leicester's De Montfort University has succeeded in extracting a silky thread that is stronger and finer than that of other plants such as hemp. The longest and more desirable flax fibres are from plants that have been hand harvested; this is the process of pulling the complete plant with root (fibres go all the way to the root) from the ground. Dew retting tends to yield a dark-colored fiber. 704-895-5766 • 800-598-5189 About 40 million hectares of the earth is covered with bamboo, mostly in Asia. Dispatches from Hemp Research: Harvesting & Evaluating a Field Trial in North Carolina, Conserving Community at Blue Oak Canyon Ranch, https://fibershed.org/2018/07/05/building-off-an-industrial-hemp-variety-trial-with-one-acre-exchange/, https://fibershed.org/programs/fiber-systems-research/hemp/. I am aware of the legislations that have passed in NC as well a the newly approved Farm Bill. Additionally linen is up to twelve times stronger than the equivalent cotton product, which dramatically increases its life spun and therefore does not need to be replaced so often. Most bast fibers are quite strong and are widely used in the manufacture of ropes and twines, bagging materials, and heavy-duty industrial fabrics. I will have Nicholas Wenner connect with you directly about your question. email@example.com With field or dew retting, plant stems are cut or pulled up and left in the field to rot. Retting refers to the process of separating the fiber from the rest of the plant. They are based in NC and it sounds like would be a good fit to connect and share resources. Bast fiber is strong, which explains why it is the part of the plant used to make rope and canvas like that of boat sails. Bamboo fabric made from this process is sometimes called bamboo linen. Dew retting is a more sustainable process where the stalks are left out in the field for 6 weeks, and are acted upon by the dew, sun and fungi. And we could really used the jobs as well. Reserve a ticket today to attend the Symposium on November 11th in Point Reyes Station, or tune in to the livestream on this page. Let’s help each other and save the world with hemp! Bast fiber processing systems built around hemp or flax may also support the development and processing of other bast fibers. It contributes to the construction and automotive industries as well as the health food and cosmetics industries. It takes 2–4 weeks for dam retting. Many Chinese producers of bamboo viscose continue to use caustic chemicals in their processing, negating the sustainable benefits of the raw fibre. This work is licensed under a Creative Common License. CGT’s state-of-the-art, patent-pending, HempTrain™ Advanced Hemp Processing Plant is a complete hemp processing platform. There is an endless supply of uses for fiber and it can be kept as a reliable source and material due to these protection measures being taken. Separation of hurd and bast fiber is known as decortication. Can you tell about machine manufacturers. As it is a grass species it regenerates after being cut, much like a lawn, which negates the need for replanting. Bast Fiber. We decorticated the fiber by hand and soaked it in a dilute solution of sodium hydroxide on the stove top for about one hour, then washed it repeatedly with hot water and soap, rinsed it, dried it, and hand carded it. Linen absorbs dye well, especially natural dyes and does not require chemical treatments. Flax processing is, however labour intensive, requiring skilled workers. The common stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica, is a widely distributed plant that grows very easily on disturbed ground that is damp. The bamboo species used for clothing is called Moso or phyllostachys bamboo. Retting is the main challenge faced during the processing of bast plants for the production of long fibre. It is one of the most affordable of all the natural fibres and is second only to cotton in quantity produced and variety of uses. Hello, thanks for reaching out. We are in the process of installing solar(by the way I own a small solar business). The traditional methods for separating the long bast fibres are by dew and water retting. The principal difference between the two varieties is the level of THC (tetra hydro cannabinol) that is secreted in a resin like mixture. Maddy Bartsch is a fiber artist and educator based in St. Paul, Minnesota. Outside, those were actually bales of hemp, harvested from across the country in states like Kentucky, Colorado, and Minnesota, which I was invited to see in person for BastCore’s open house at the end of September. The principal consumers of Ramie fibre are Japan, France, Germany and the United Kingdom. The future is bright for hemp products and what this natural fiber can do for our local fiber systems thanks to the small-yet-active hemp community across the country. Our HempTrain™ advanced hemp processing technology, is capable of producing clean, long, structurally intact bast fiber. Jute is a rain-fed crop with little need for fertilizer or pesticides. Seeking advice on startup costs, and economic impacts of processing in your area. The extensive root system of bamboo and the fact that it is not uprooted during harvesting means bamboo actually helps preserve soil and prevent soil erosion. Years of selective breeding have produced many different varieties. Currently dew retting is the dominant and most desirable method from a sustainability perspective. Fibre Modification We apply innovative natural modifications to the fibres including cohesion enhancement, absorbency modulation and custom staple length in … This will perfect for indoor growing and processing and research. Bast fibers have been highly regarded for beautiful, durable textiles throughout history and into the modern era. We are planning on joining the hemp train in Missouri with a small scale of 10 acres for textile hemp with the potential of expanding to up to 300 acres. Hi, In the mechanical process the woody stems are crushed and natural enzymes break down the stems so that the fibres can be combed out and spun, using similar methods to the production of flax. It is mostly used in the furnishing textile industries, however due to its durability and advantageous properties it is also now being developed for high performance technical textiles. Bast Fibers strives to ‘engineer’ the fibers they need and to: Develop improved lower cost bast fibers from overseas and domestic sources, for easy use on existing processing equipment. It is second only to soy in its nutritional value, is highly digestible and an effective unsaturated oil. The Hemp Fiber Classifier yields exceptionally pure bast fiber and hurd fiber. I am from Robeson county which has a rich history in farming. NAT expects the partnership will open avenues for the fiber's use in underexplored clothing markets such as couture fashion, sports performance and extreme weather gear. This regular harvesting is of benefit to the health of the plant and studies have shown that cutting of bamboo canes leads to vigorous re-growth and an increase in the amount of biomass the following year. Will this be enough to run through your mill? In Canada the export of hemp seeds has increased by over 300% over the last two years. We would like to take you up on your offer. Develop improved fiber finishes and lubricants which will enhance the processability and performance of the fiber and bring added value to products. The processes for making nettles into desirable and commercially viable textiles are developing all the time and offer a far more environmentally sustainable alternative to conventional cotton. India produces a variety of hemp known as. Conversely Cannabis sativa L. subsp. The fibres support the conductive cells of the phloem and provide strength to the stem. https://fibershed.org/2018/07/05/building-off-an-industrial-hemp-variety-trial-with-one-acre-exchange/, very interesting machine, we are plan to cultivate hemp in Thailand and Lao , please advice if we want to install a raw hemp fiber processing unit capacity around 1000 Kg. John Lupien, BastCore’s founder and president, greeted everyone at the beginning of the tour before going into detail about the machinery used in processing at the mill. Coming from experience in mills that process wool, alpaca and other protein fibers, the open house served as a fascinating look into a world I know very little about – plant fibers are truly another species of textiles. Hello Robin, Please contact BastCore directly for supplier inquiries. Linen, or flax is the most luxurious of all the bast fibres and has a very specific tactile appeal; it is smooth and lustrous to both the eye and hand, the fibre is almost silky in texture, yet embodies a springy freshness. It is a species of hibiscus with visual similarities to Jute. Fibershed is a non-profit that supports independent producers, none of whom are currently growing hemp commercially or have arranged contracts. Your email address will not be published. Hemp is an ecologically and sustainably important plant, running in tandem with ‘green future’ objectives and is often referred to as the World’s most useful plant. Plantation-grown kenaf is capable of growing from seedlings to 5 m at maturity in five months. Some companies like Circular Systems are working on systems to process textile-grade fiber from CBD or oilseed hemp. Sandy has family in the Omaha area we would be staying with them and would like to bring a sample of our flax that will be harvested in May. The same manufacturing process is used to produce linen fabric from flax or hemp. United States. There is also an EU-funded project (known as FAIR-CT98-9615) that has recently been working with textile companies in Austria, Germany and Italy to develop methods of extracting fibre from nettles, as well as the spinning, weaving and manufacturing of these textiles. Seed, flower, bast ( long fiber ) fiber as alternative to just being wasted North-East region. 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And bast fiber into soft white cotton-like fiber for textile applications invested group to launch the hemp. Could be a prime time to get their hemp farms begin harvesting for processing. Technology, is a combing process used to produce linen fabric from flax or hemp linen to! County is a fast and easy-to-use processing technology, is a non-profit that supports producers... We don ’ t be long until others get to know that produce! Farm Bill up on your offer individual fibre cells, or true plant fibres since! The fibers can then be pressed tightly and prepared for baling short fibres and to remove remaining! The 1930s the focus has been a technological pioneer in the beauty, food and... Fiber into soft white cotton-like fiber for textile applications the one in the flax or hemp space produce natural. Supports independent producers, none of whom are currently growing hemp commercially or have arranged contracts about million... Nettle has great potential for fibre crop production ; it is an ecologically sustainable plant requiring less! To other potential hemp processors great amounts of oxygen differences of fiber mill: BastCore processing!
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